THEORETICAL MEANINGS ATTRIBUTED TO HANDS
For centuries personality and temperament theories have speculated about the complex visual structure of human hands.
Three main categories for study have emerged in the Hand Analysis theory.
CHIROGNOMY - is a study of the HAND MORPHOLOGY.
The hand’s shape, form, thickness, fleshy mounts, color and texture are speculated to indicate much about our natural tendencies and state of health. Sectional zones of the palm and fingers have been assigned theoretical archetypal powers, astrological and psychological expressions.
DERMATOGLYPHICS - is the study of SKIN RIDGES of sweat glands.
During the first three months of embryonic growth, the endocrine glands develop sweat glands in the epidermal layers. The hand’s dermal layer diversifies into permanent ridges and furrows so that perspiration can exit through the pores that develop within the ridges. These stable dermal ridge (and furrow) patterns are used for personal identification purposes because they never change their unique positions. The skin’s ridges have also attracted theoretical meanings about the way in which people gather and process information and behave in the world.
DERMAL RIDGE FIELDS
Open fields of parallel ridges are most common on the palm. But configuration fields are always formed on the ten fingertips and occasionally they form on the palm. Configuration fields are categorized into three main types of configuration patterns.
· LOOPS curving towards the thumb are the most commonly present patterns
· WHORLS are less commonly present, and are rarely found on the little finger
· ARCHES are least commonly present and rarely found on the ring and little fingers
· TRI-RADIUS are present when three ridge fields meet at their outer most ridges.
CHIROMANCY - is the study of the FISSURE LINES etched into the skin.
It is speculated that the brain’s activity constructs these ‘lines’ into the derma via electrical impulses to the nerves and tissue. The position of major fissure lines do not change much over the lifetime but some minor lines do appear or disappear slowly over months or years. Many of these fissure lines are hypothesized to indicate constructs of personality traits, psychological preferences, communication, leadership and decision-making styles.